Android is an operating system created by Andy Rubin. The operating system is exactly what makes the device work. In other words, thanks to her, the device becomes necessary and useful. It is used not only in smartphones, but also in tablets, set-top boxes, e-books and more.
Interesting! The history of the name is kind of funny. Andy Ruben decided to use this name only because he had already bought the android.com domain.
The android had the opportunity to become popular thanks to Google, which bought the project, and along with it invited its developers
Technically speaking, android runs on the Linux kernel, which is the backbone of the operating system. The kernel is the glue between the operating system, processor, and memory.
In fact, programming for android is possible through many languages.
Before defining the main languages, let's understand the concept of a programming language. So, just as different peoples have their own language and alphabet, in the same way the computer has its own kind of alphabet, through which we can "explain" to it what needs to be done, what, how and where to show it, and so on.
So, there are 2 main programming languages for Android applications:
Java — the language, most frequently referenced by Google
Java is the official language for Android Studio. What is Android Studio? - This is a development environment or, more simply, the place where the program itself is written. Therefore, in order to use this language, you must first install Android Studio along with the Android SDK (toolbox).
Despite the fact that the ready-made Java code is quite understandable and easy to view, it is considered quite complex. This is due to some design features of the language. To work with this language, with its many nuances, requires patience and experience, therefore, professional Java developers have always been highly appreciated.
Kotlin – one of Google's official language
Kotlin is a modern, fast-growing programming language created by JetBrains. One of the main advantages of this language is its cross-platform capability. This means that you can write a code that can be used on various operating systems. In addition, it is easy to understand and learn.
Despite the "youth" of this language, in 2017 Google assigned the language an official status for developing programs for Android, its tools being, by default, included in Android Studio starting from version 3.0.
In addition to Java and Kotlin, there are 2 more programming languages that I would like to mention, and this is C and C ++.
These languages are characterized by the development of native programs. A native program or application is an application that is configured for a specific operating system, which contributes to faster and more correct operation of the application. These languages can also be used through Android Studio. You must use a toolkit specially created for them, to work with these languages. These have a number of nuances that make them not very convenient, but they are well suited for quickly processing complex operations related to graphics, video and 3D models.
First, let's take a look at what an Android developer is. This is a programmer who creates various programs for this operating system. Let's define some examples of what a developer does:
Creates an interface;
Defines the actions of the application when making a call or SMS;
Thinks over a way to switch between screens of the program;
In development, cares about safety of users personal data;
Optimizes the resources required for the operation of the program.
This is just a small part of what a developer does. From which it follows that a professional developer must have a good arsenal of knowledge and skills. Let's look at the most important ones:
First, he needs to know Java and Kotlin, the main programming languages for Android applications;
Know the peculiarities of the functioning of the operating system;
Be able to use various libraries and frameworks;
Be able to work with the following languages: HTML, XML and CSS.
Freelance exchanges: there are many exchanges where you can find a specialist. You can either browse the catalog, or create and add a project to one of these platforms and wait for the developer to contact you by himself.
"Do it by yourself": if you are passionate about this topic, and you have enough patience, you can independently learn the art of programming for android in numerous online or offline courses. It all depends on your goals. If you have a business and, first, income and the earliest possible popularization of your product are important to you, it is more expedient to order a development. If you are passionate about this area and are pursuing more experimental goals, go for it!
Professional IT company: of course, this is a more expensive way, but reliable. In the company, a whole team of developers will work on your application, which is more effective.
In Studio Webmaster you can order the creation of any program for android. Take your idea and come to us, we will implement it with pleasure!